Definitions

ChildA person under the age of 18 years.
Child AbuseHarm or threatened harm to a child’s health or welfare that occurs through nonaccidental physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, or maltreatment, by a parent, a legal guardian, or any other person responsible for the child’s health or welfare or by a teacher, teacher’s aide, or a member of the clergy.
Child NeglectHarm or threatened harm to a child’s health or welfare by a parent, legal guardian, or any other person responsible for the child’s health or welfare that occurs through either of the following:

·       Negligent treatment, including the failure to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter or medical care

·       Placing a child at an unreasonable risk to the child’s health or welfare by failure of the parent, legal guardian, or any other person responsible for the child’s health or welfare to intervene to eliminate that risk when the person is able to do so and has, or should have, knowledge of the risk

Children’s Advocacy CentersAgencies that help coordinate investigations of child abuse by providing a child-friendly location for interviews and medical examinations and by coordinating services for children suspected of being abused. They offer assistance to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, the prosecuting attorney, and law enforcement agencies, by using expertise in the areas of interviewing, counseling, and testimony on behalf of the child.
Mandated ReporterCertain professionals are required by law to report suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
Sexual AbuseEngaging in sexual conduct or sexual penetration as defined in section 520a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.520a, with a child.
Sexual ExploitationAllowing, permitting, or encouraging a child to engage in prostitution, or allowing, permitting, encouraging, or engaging in the photographing, filming, or depicting of a child engaged in a listed sexual act as defined in section 145c of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.145c.